Some historians speculate that the Chow Chow, known in China for 2,000 years, was developed in Arctic Asia about 3,000 years ago. The dog did not look exactly like the present-day Chow Chow, but was a square-built animal that resembled a lion.
The breed originated in China and is known to date to the Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220); it is believed by some to be one of the oldest of all breeds and is genetically very close to the wolf.
The Chow Chow has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th Century
Queen Victoria was given a “Chinese dog” in 1865. The Queen had owned three Chinese dogs as early as the 1840s – Betty, Hung Shoo and Akoe. Were they Chow Chows? If they were, they represented the first-known named dogs of the breed in Great Britain.
In 1906 the American Chow Club was founded. This was followed in 1924 by the foundation of the French Chow Chow Club by Mme Mareschal, revived after the last war by Mme Yvonne Diot. Also in 1974, we have the first entry of a Chow in the German Stud Book.
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